Frequency Response Assessment and Improvement of Three Major North American Interconnections due to High Penetrations of Photovoltaic Generation

​The project will produce a family of high solar PV penetration scenarios from detailed, validated models of all three U.S. interconnections so that the effects of increased solar PV generation on frequency response can be fully quantified. Mitigation strategies will be developed and validated using both software and hardware test beds for a final recommended portfolio from available options.​